About Shivata Love Foundation Nepal

Shivata Love Foundation Nepal (SLFN) commemorates the life and death of Shivata Upadhayay Grela. It is a non-profit organization founded in Belgium and Nepal. SLFN has taken the example of Shivata and promoted unconditional love and global thinking through its assistance to neglected women and girls. It also raises awareness concerning the vaccine for meningitis B that would have saved the life of Shivata. It provided so far several scholarship to very poor girls in Nepal and small grants to girls who felt out the school system in Belgium it participated to the rescue of flood victims too.

Shivata Upadhyay Grela (1995-2016)

When Shivata Upadhyay Grela left this world she was only 20, however she already had a pretty established strong character. She promoted positive thinking, mutual understanding, bold love, passion, and discipline, she was creative and always there for those in need. For these reasons, Shivata love Foundation Nepal aims to carry on her life mission through its project.

SHORT BRIEF ON MENINGITIS

Dr. Shailesh  Kumar Upadhyay (MBBS, MPH)

Meningitis is an infection of the meninges:

The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected.

History: First reported in 1768, a major outbreak occurred in Geneva in 1805. several other epidemics in Europe and the United states then in Africa in 1840. After that it was identified in Asian and other parts.

Causes: The most common causes of meningitis are viral and bacterial infections. Other causes may include: cancer, chemical irritation, fungi, parasites and drug allergies.

The symptoms of viral and bacterial meningitis can be similar in the beginning. However, bacterial meningitis symptoms are usually more severe.

Meningitis Symptoms: Headaches, fever, stiff neck, seizures, sensitivity to bright light, sleepiness, lethargy, nausea and decreased appetite.

Types of Meningitis: Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of meningitis. There are several other forms of meningitis. Examples include cryptococcal, which is caused by a fungal infection, and carcinomatous, which is cancer – related.

Viral Meningitis: Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. Viruses in the Enterovirus category cause 85percent of cases. These are more common during the summer and fall, and they include: Coxsackievirus A, Coxsackievirus B, Echoviruses Viruses in the Enterovirus category causes about 10 to 15 million infections per year, but only a small percentage of people who get infected will develop meningitis.

Other viruses can cause meningitis These include: West Nile virus, influenza, mumps, HIV, measles, herpes viruses and other viruses.

Bacterial Meningitis: Bacterial meningitis caused by infection from certain bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia, Neisseria, Haemophilus influenza and others. While N. meningitides groups B and C cause most disease episodes in Europe and group A is found in Asia and Africa.

Meningitis is fatal if left untreated.

Risk Factors for Meningitis: The following are some of the risk factors for meningitis: people with an immune deficiency are more vulnerable to infections. This includes the infections that cause meningitis. Certain disorders and treatments can weaken the immune system. These include: HIV / AIDS, autoimmune disorders, chemotherapy, organ or bone marrow transplants

Community Living: Meningitis is easily spread when people live in close quarters. Being in small spaces increases the chance of exposure. Examples of these locations include: college dormitories, barracks, Hajj pilgrim, boarding schools, day care centers including pregnancy.

Age:  All ages are at risk for meningitis. However, certain age groups have a higher risk.  children under the age of 5 at increased risk of viral meningitis. Infants are at higher risk of bacterial infection.  

 Meningitis Diagnosis : Diagnosis of meningitis starts with a health history and physical examination by health personal for severe headache, fever, increased heart rate,  neck stiffness and reduced consciousness, in includes lumbar puncture to find inflammation or bacteria in the spinal fluid, complete blood count, Blood cultures to identify bacteria, Chest X- rays and CT scan of the head.   

Meningitis Treatment: Treatment determined by the cause of meningitis. Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent brain damage and death.

Meningitis prevention: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding contact with sick people, Vaccinations can also protect against certain types of meningitis. Vaccines that can be prevented include: Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and meningococcal vaccine.

Main groups are considered at risk and should get a meningitis vaccine:

1. college fresh person who live in dorms and haven’t been vaccinated

2. adolescents who are 11 to 12 years’ old

3. new high school students who haven’t been vaccinated

4. people traveling to countries where meningococcal disease is common

seek immediate medical attention if symptoms occur. Relevant health personnel will need to perform tests to determine which type of meningitis and proceed for treatment.

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